The Sustainable Development Goals (OSD) are a global agenda adopted during the United Nations Summit on Sustainable Development in September 2015 consisting of 17 goals and 169 goals to be achieved by 2030.
In this agenda are planned global actions in the areas of poverty eradication, food security, agriculture, health, education, gender equality, reduction of inequalities, energy, water and sanitation, sustainable patterns of production and consumption, Climate change, sustainable cities, protection and sustainable use of the oceans and terrestrial ecosystems, inclusive economic growth, infrastructure, industrialisation, among others.
The themes can be divided into four main dimensions:
- Social: Related to human needs, health, education, improvement of quality of life and justice.
- Environmental: It deals with the preservation and conservation of the environment, with actions that go from the reversal of deforestation, protection of forests and biodiversity, combating desertification, sustainable use of the oceans and marine resources until the adoption of effective measures Against climate change.
- Economic: It addresses the use and exhaustion of natural resources, waste production, energy consumption, among others.
- Institutional: it relates to the capacities of putting the ODS into practice.
The OSD were built in a world negotiation process, which began in 2013 and counted on the participation of Brazil in its discussions and definitions regarding this agenda. The country has been firmly positioned in favour of contemplating poverty eradication as a priority among initiatives aimed at sustainable development.
Ending poverty in all its forms, in all Places
Ending hunger, achieving food security and improving nutrition and promoting sustainable agriculture
Ensure a healthy life and promote welfare for all, at all ages
Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education, and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
Achieving gender equality and empowering all women and girls
Ensure the availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
Ensure reliable, sustainable, modern and affordable access to energy for all
Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment, and decent work for all
Building resilient infrastructures, promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialisation and fostering innovation
Reduce inequality between countries and within them
Making cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
Ensuring sustainable production and consumption patterns
Take urgent action to tackle climate change and its impacts
Conservation and sustainable use of oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
Protect, recover and promote the sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, deter and reverse land degradation, and halt biodiversity loss
Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for sustainable development